Wednesday, July 15, 2009

What is Social Work?

Social Work is the profeeional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities to enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and to creat societal conditions favorable to their goals. Social Work Practice consists of the professional application of social work values, principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services; providing counseling and psychoterapy for individuals, families, and groups; helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services; and paticipating in relevant legislative processes. The practice of social work requires knowledge of human development and behavior; of social, economic, and cultural institutions; and of the interaction of all these factors. (Barker 1995:357-58)

Faizah Yunus. (2006). Khidmat Sosial di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur : Universiti Malaya (UM).

Social Work is concerned and involved with the interactions between people and the institutions of society that affect the ability of people to accomplish life tasks, realize aspirations and values, and alleviate distress. These interactions between people and social institutions occur within the context of the larger societal good. Therefore, three major purposes of social work may be identified:

►to enhance the problem-solving, coping and developmental capacities of people;
►to promote the effective and humane operation of the systems that provide people
with resources and services;
►to link people with systems that provide them with resources, services, and opportunities.

(Bety Baer and Ron Frederico in their report on baccalaureate social worker)- from Department of Social Work Wright State University website.

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